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Strain(More)



Jangli

This type of Aseel is famour for his attitude.Jangli Aseel is like wild cock.They are hard striker Aseel and they are very intelligent in gaming.

Shekra
This strain is famous for his body color .it is color like hawk.Shikra aseel is very brave and speedy fighter and shikra is physical derivated strains in aseel.
LARGE SOUTH INDIAN ASEEL
The large South Indian aseel is the brother of the North Indian & Madras aseel. Typical features: triple peacomb or walnut combtype (and anything between ), pearlish eyes, delta-shaped beak(small and broad at base). Colors to be found in a wide variety. Their height is upto 29"(75 cm ) and there weight is around 14.3 Lbs (6.5 Kgs) .Shank color: yellow, yellow-whitish, flesh color or dark colored (blackish to slategrey allover).Birds are fought either in natural spurs or like in the state of Andhra Pradesh (Southeast India) birds are fought using a single slasher tied under the foot. They use a slasher with a cutting lenght of 1.2 to 2.4" (30 to 60 cm) .Anyone following the widespreaded believe saying that aseel if cut by steel run is simple not informed about the customs used in the homeland of the aseel ! Another issue of a South Indian aseel .But as the aseel is 3500 years old and the Japanese Shamo only bred onwards from,the 16th century it must be clear to anyone that the Shamo is actually "Aseel-like". According local sources breeding of Aseel in the South east of India was also influenced by imports of Burmese Aseel brought back by Dravidian seafarers and merchants.

"The new book of poultry",1920,Lewis Wright (UK)
Source:Mullapudi Narendra Nath(Hyderabad/India)


Reza Aseel
Small Aseel are referred to as Reza or Reeza Aseel .The expression Reza means small and is of Persian -Arabic origin. The whole north of India was under rule of Turkish- Afghani Muslims from 800 A.C. till about 1500 A.C..This also caused integration of Arabic language in local culture. All Aseel in height less than 19inches (about 50 cm)
are known Aseel. Their weight is between 4.4 to 6.6b lbs (2 to 3 kg). Typical features: low set triple peacock comb, pearlish eyes, and hawk-like beak.





Hint Aseel
Aseel also can be found in Turkey. These are known as "Hint Horozu". This meaning "Cock from Hindustan" which clearly points out the origin of this breed. According Turkish sources these Aseel were introduced in Turkey at the time of the Ottoman empire (14th century) by merchants and seafarers. In type "Hint Horozu" are a bit out of line and display features seen at Reza,large South and North Indian Aseel. In weight Turkish Aseel differ from 5.5 to 10 Lbs (2.5 to 4.5 Kg). They reach a height of about 25" (65 Cm). Hint Horozu are fought in natural spurs. However, before the fight gets on the sharpness of the spurs and the beak is taken away using sandpaper. In Turkey, a "Hint Horozu" cock is seen as a symbol of strenght, fertility and manhood. Every year big tournaments are organized in the cities of Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir and Antalya.

Sources: Werner Lamkemeyer Jr (Germany)

Abdulkadir Temel (Izmir/Turkey)







Shamo
SHAMO in Japanese means "fighter", which is what the Shamo was bred for. The origins of the breed, however, are not Japanese, rather we find Shamoid-type gamefowl in Thailand, India (Asil gamefowl), Taiwan and other parts of tropical southest Asia (Malay). It is documented in Japanese history that the "Shamo", which was probably of Malay and Asil stock, was orignally imported from Thailand, but then underwent a selection purely Japanese, the results of which are a very impressive and beautiful gamefowl.

There are many strains of Shamo in Japan and the name Shamo has been given to many different gamefowl types. The O-Shamo, the largest, and the Chu-Shamo, next down in size, are considered selelctions of the same breed. There are also the bantam breeds Ko-Shamo and Nanking Shamo but they are not the sized-down versions of the other Shamos. These are considered separate breeds and fit in a larger category of gamefowl that include: Yamato Gunkei and Chibi.

The O-Shamo and the Chu-Shamo are birds of upright carriage with very powerful and protruding shoulders, hard feathers, long and powerful shanks. Even the shoulder backs of the birds display body-builder type musculature. Shamo are pea or walnut combed, pearl-eyed and have large and powerful beaks. The head form varies slightly from different strains, but is overall a large, thick, rounded skull form with shortish to medium-length, curved beak. The eyebrows and cheekbones are very pronounced, creating an "eagle-like", piercing gaze. The face is red. The eyes of young cocks can be a shade of light red-orange to yellow, but must be very pale at two to three years.

Other distinquishing factors of the Shamo is is feathering. As in many asiatic gamefowl types, the breast is bare and the tips of the shoulders should also show bright red bare skin. The full tail is "carried above the ground at a less than horizontal position". No feathers drag but in some strains the two top sickles may barely touch the ground.

Color is of no importance. Blacks and red-blacks are the best to type, but there are many variations of wheaten, white, splash, cuckoo, silver duckwing, ginger red and porcelain colors.

Birds take 2 to 3 years to fully develop and should not be "pushed" with super feeds. Much to the contrary, they need to grow slowly at first, to ensure good, solid bone growth. They also prefer warmer climates. If kept in colder areas, it is very important that the O-Shamo and Chu-Shamo have draught-free stalls and a thick layer of straw to walk on.

The Shamo, as well as other gamefowl, is an extremely tame bird if treated with TLC. Some cocks, as in many other breeds, can become aggressive, at which time you might want to look at a good recepie for Chicken Caciatori! Our O-Shamo follow us like dogs, begging for food and almost allowing themselves to be petted! Once they see, however, another full-grown rooster, they go into attack position. The raising of Shamo needs individual pens for the roosters, and even the hens sometimes will not put up with other hens and have need of their own space. But, on the average, a mating of 3 - 4 hens and a rooster will go about their business peacefully.
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O-Shamo
O-SHAMO = Classification: Malayoid


Background information:


The large Shamo is officially known as O-Shamo. This breed is actually a youngster in the collection of Asian gamefowl breeds only excisting onwards the 16th century. The breeds name is a derivation of the Japanese expression of the word "Sham" meaning "Siam (Thailand)". This clearly points out the origin or better said the ancestors of the breed.





In the beginning of the 16th century the Japanese ruler Ieyashu Tokugawa allowed Japanese merchants and seafarers to start up trade with countries throughout Asia. These socalled "red seal" ships named after the trade permission issued by the ruler himself sailed to India, Vietnam, China, Siam, Philippines, Indonesia, Burma, etcetra. From everywhere new and interesting material was imported into Japan. Also a range of gamefowl. These birds were crossed with eachother or with local breeds (only small & middleweight Bankivoid fowl excisted at that time !). A whole new range of gamefowl was developed. Through time only the most succesful survived and were bred to more or less uniform standard.


The most reputed Japanese bird, also outside Japan is the O-Shamo. Features: triple pea or walnutcomb, pearlish eyes, strong broad beak, the wings are carried a bit off the body the wing joints clearly pointing up, thighs are strong muscled and clearly visible. Prominent shoulders with short strong wings pointing downwards. Bare red skin should show at point of wing and at keel (breastbone)


(The tail line should be dropping the angle as the line of the back. Concerning the transition between the back and the tail an angle of about 15 degrees is accepted.*** This is not in all translated texts on Shamo from Japan. It should be "below horiztonal".)


Even though a triple peacomb is desired in Japan, a walnut comb is also accepted, being an inherited feature of its Malayoid ancestors. The shanks are yellow or yellow with black spots as in the blacks. In Europe also willow-green shanks are seen but according to information this colour is not accepted in Japan.


Due to various climatical conditions in Japan a slight difference in weight and size is possible. Weight: male 12.3 Lbs (5.6 Kgs), female 10.7 Lbs (4.8 Kgs) according Mr.Yoshihisa Kubota (Secretary of the Japan Poultry Society).


In Europe O-Shamo cocks must have a minimum weight of 8.8 Lbs (4 Kgs), the hens 6.6 Lbs (3 Kgs).


A lot of breeders refer to names as "Koyama Shamo, Suzuki Shamo, Makino Shamo, Teramoto Shamo", etcetera. These are not to be seen as different types but are simply names of reputed Shamo breeders (strains). According Japanese sources there are only O-Shamo and Chu-Shamo (middleweight Shamo).


The O-Shamo is fought in Japan only in naked heels or blunted spurs but never with steel or artificial spurs. However in some parts of the world the Shamo is fought in steel. The O-Shamo is a well balanced breed combining size, weight, speed, power, stamina and endurance.


Source:ASIAN GAMEFOWL SOCIETY re> Mr.Yoshihisa Kubota (Secretary of the Japan Poultry Society) and Julia Keeling (Isle of Man)

Ko-Shamo
KO SHAMO is a true dwarf or bantam, not a miniaturized form of a larger Shamo. It is a popular breed in Japan and was imported into Germany and England in recent years. First imports in Germany were outcrossed with forgein breeds to "correct" the space in the wing and the inverted shrimp tail, so there are many birds available in Europe that are not pure. I will discuss these aspects below.
The KO SHAMO should be a bird of small fierceness. Bright-eyed and very erect, they remind one of small dolls dancing around one's feet. I have read diverse standards in English and German and both refer to the broad, compact "strawberry" or "chrysanthemum" comb of walnut type that is positioned rather high on the head. One reference, a reputed translation from Japanese. said that "the KO SHAMO should not have a dewlap like the CHIBI and YAMATO" and yet Ruediger Wandelt in his book co-authored with Josef Wolters illustrates on page 82 of their book HANDBUCH DER ZWERGHUHNRASSEN (ISBN Nr. 3-9801504-8-8) KO SHAMO with extreme dewlap development. This particular example (I have scanned them here) was photographed by Mr Kimata of Japan.
Of extreme importance in this breed are the "3 proportions", i.e. the length of the neck, the body and the legs should be the same. The wings must have the missing flight feathers (the Wing Gap) as in the Chibi as well as the shrimp tail. I have seen many of the German-bred crosses referred to ironically as "Ko-Gunkei" and they all are lacking in the distinctive tail and wing points, even though many are beautiful examples of head points and body proportions.
Chibi
The CHIBI is reputedly the smallest Shamoid breed . There is a type from the Island of Tosa that is supposed to be a smaller, local version. It is NOT a recognized breed in Japan, as it is a local variant of the nationally recognized breed CHIBI.It is placed in a category of its own, as is the KO-SHAMO and NANKIN SHAMO and not considered, as are many of our bantam breeds, a "miniaturized form" of a larger breed. The CHIBI is a type of dwarf YAMATO GUNKEI; the TOSA CHIBI (Tosa being a geographical part of the island of Shikoku), however, is yet a smaller rendition of this type of gamefowl. The bird I photographed here was a year-old. so if they are to develope as the CHIBI, they should grow the bull-dog like folds and wrinkles.
This diminutive gamefowl has a very tame disposition and this particular cock jumped up on the windowsill of his owner's kitchen and pecked on the glass to be fed! Little more that 8 - 10 inches tall, the head has a pronounced roundness and the beak is short and full, complimenting the very expressive, seemily large and whimsical eyes.

The comb form is a "strawberry" cushion comb with pearl-like beading. The red face must have an abundance of fleshy tissue, creating an extra depth of expression in its circular arrangement around the pearl-coloured eyes. The chest is held high and the typical gamefowl characteristic of a bare skin showing along the breastbone is also present in this little gnome. The body form is somewhat oval - not as elongated as in the KO SHAMO.
The PRAWN (SHRIMP) TAIL, i.e. the inverted outter flight feathers of the tail, is an extremely important aspect of this and a few other miniature gamefowl breeds. As seen in this illustration, the outter feathers curl upward on the outside of the arrangement of tailfeathers in the tail. The short and curved sickles are normally formed and act as a foil for the very ornamental Prawn (Shrimp) Tail feathers. No true CHIBI or KO SHAMO is without this very distinctive aspect. Another very particular (for us in the west) aspect of this and a couple of other miniature gamefowl breeds are the missing feathers in the wing, in German called the "Gefluegelluecke" or Wing Gap.
The WING GAP is yet another sign of pure bred CHIBI. Erroneously, many first imports of KO-SHAMO, YAMATO GUNKEI and CHIBI were thought to be defective because of the Wing Gap and Prawn (Shrimp) Tail, and many breeders began to wholesalely outcross to other bantam gamefowl breeds, creating "Bastardmischlingen" or "Muts". Any of these three Japanese breeds must have the Wing Gap as a distinctive part of their breed's characteristics. Outcrossing should be avoided at all cost. The TOSA CHIBI seems to be much cold hardier than the very delicate YAMATO which will not tolerate cold.